Exactly 12 years ago, in the first week of the New Year, I made my first web-site in HTML http://stroev-articles.narod.ru/ exclusively dedicated to the Party politics in Russia as I was in this politics as a rank and file activist of the late People Patriotic Union” RODINA” ( Motherland ), which had a faction of 39 MPs in the Russian lower Chamber of the so called Parliament – ”The State Duma”. That was a good choice, after the USSR, to take the name of a ZARIST “law proposing and law advising” State body with no power to ENACT laws.
The present State Duma formally has the power to enact any laws, even to change the constitution if voted by more than two thirds of MPs, yet in fact it is a body where the legislative acts prepared by the Government or by the Administration of the President are rubber stamped in de facto one-Party system lasting for 15 years. 3 other “opposition parliamentary Parties” are imitating some opposition as they never get more than 7-15% each at any election. That resembles very much the Party system of the late German Democratic Republic where President Putin worked as a Director of the Soviet Cultural Centre. (I also was holding the same post in Mumbai but I never was near to the State power as after the collapse of the USSR I worked as a fellow researcher and Mr. Putin worked as a personal assistant to the late Mayor of the “second Russian capital” Sanct Petersburg – Dr. Sobchak, who was very popular in the beginning of the 90-s and he saw himself as the next Russian President after the departure of the late President Yeltsin. Yet the fate was to become the president not for him but for his assistant…. )
In any case, during the past 12 years I became quite disappointed in political activities as one can achieve NOTHING unless one has very big money and connections with people already in power.
As I am in a retirement now with a rather small pension I want to start some new personal projects that will make my last years of life not so useless and will enable me to utilize my knowledge of 3 foreign languages, one of them is Hindi, that was in demand in the USSR but not now. That means that the projects must be just personal and self-financed. One of them – is to organize on-line study of Russian language. Mostly for Indians, and among them mostly for Hindi speaking or at least speaking the languages not belonging to the Dravidian family of languages which I do not know absolutely.
As a second man in Soviet Cultural Centres in Chennai and Delhi and as the Head of the Centre in Mumbai for many years I saw many Russian language classes at these Centres and many teachers of Russian. I remember only ONE really outstanding teacher and the Chief of the classes in Mumbai – Prof. Nikolai Mayevsky. He really loved his profession, knew it very well and that resulted in a good progress of some students of him, who really wanted to LEARN RUSSIAN SERIOUSLY. Of course , as in any foreign language classes there were some students eager to learn and some who studied just for fun of it.
Most of other teachers of Russian were either mediocre or non professionals with a poor knowledge even of English language. Some of them ( in Madras and Trivandrum) were often NON Russians from national republics of the USSR and sometimes some students protested, saying : “ Why should we learn Russian with non Russian accent in our Russian speech?” So off-line CLASSES are not always really good. Not all of them.
It happened that on this New Year night I was alone with a dog and after almost 24 hours of non eating anything I drank a bottle of Champaigne as that is a tradition with Russians to drink Champaigne during the New Year night. Naturally I was medium drunk and decided to wish all the best to my Indian Friends in Facebook and in such a condition a made a “ bhaashan” ( speech) in Hindi and put it as a video on my FB hage =)
Naturally my Hindi was worse as compared with a sober speech but it led me suddenly to an idea – why not to make a serial of videos on Russian language as knowledge of Hindi and English, along with experience in teaching these both Languages to Russians, should allow me to convey a sort of COMARATIVE STUDIES of Russian language to my viewers and readers ( and may be some of them will be on-line students by Skype). Knowledge of Hindi whose origin is Sanskrit gives me some advantages in comparison with all Russian teachers ( except for Prof. Mayevsky ) whom I knew for years in India.
But why it is so I will try to write about in the next chapter. Because it is important and in a was it is interesting.
SANSCRIT AND RUSSIAN LANGUAGES.
HIGH CASTE NORTHERN INDIANS AND NON CASTE NORTHERN RUSSIANS.
The strange similarity in a sacred language of Hindus – Vedic Sanscrit and in Russian language was noticed about 200 years ago. The two peoples are living for thousands of years apart from each other separated by big distances and Himalayas, yet some words sound close to each other and some are just the same, the grammar also has many common features, which cannot be just a coincidence. WHY ?
The first explanation was , in principle, a correct one but it lacked some important details. The explanation was that several thousand years before there were tribes living in the area between the Central Russia and the Urals mountains and later all of them began to move in three directions – to Indostan, to Persia and to Western and Eastern Europe. Almost ALL European nations, totally numbering more than 750 mlns. people ( except Finns, Hungarians and Estonians totally numbering about 16 mlns people, that is less than 3% of European population ) speak different languages but all of them belong to the so called “ Indo-European family of languages”. To the same family belong Iranians, Pamiri Tajiks ( the most close geographically to India but speaking almost Iranian language – Pharsi ) and ALL INDIANS that are non Dravidian and non “Eastern” ( Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura. etc.).
Indian “ indo-european” languages can be divided roughly in two groups – those closer to PRAKRITY ( the “vulgar” Sanskrit), for instance, Hindi, and those with origin roots in PALI, for instance, Marathi…
Only now I began to understand why I spoke Hindi in Mumbai freely while in Madras almost everybody was not prepared even to listen to me. Marathis are no less nationalists as Tamils are but they speak the language belonging to the same original root that Hindi does. So the “language family” is really very big
Yet in 1903 an Indian scholar of languages offered some corrections to this theory. Not rejecting it in principle, as it is quite evident, but he indicated that the most close to Sanskrit are Slavonic Languages and first of all – the Russian language. Later field research proved that it seems that the core of tribes that mostly moved in all directions except the Far East, that Core of tribes, speaking the same language – and it was Vedic Sanskrit – it lived more to the North of modern Russia – from Vologda region ( about 300 kilometers to the North of Moscow) to the shores of a White Sea, that is the inner sea of the Arctic Ocean. Just it that area more than 100 rivers have THE SAME names with small rivers in Northern India. The name of the main river DVINA has a Sanskrit origin as there are TWO separate rivers that become one before falling into the White Sea.
The field researchers discovered that words for some traditional national dress of Northern Russians and even for the modes of their MAKING are the same that are there in the Vedic Sanskrit texts. It was also indicated that Rig-Veda mentions the original “ white” country ( “SVETlaya” in Russian and “ SVETA” in Sanskrit ) with no night in the summer. In short – not ALL moved away. Some people stayed and they stay there until today. Though it is a COLD country NOW and it is presumed that about 4500 B.C. the temperature there was 12 degrees higher and when it fell due to some reason – that made the majority of tribes to move to the South. But some people stayed and being in a sort of isolation kept the language more intact than the tribes that later lived next to aborigines of more warm lands. Besides Orthodox Christianity ( the “ Greek Faith” ) , that destroyed THE OLD FAITH in old Gods by “sword and fire” reached this distant and cold land much later than in the South. Not more than 500-600 years ago.
The Ancient Gods of Russians were in many cases close to the main Gods of modern Hindu. No doubt they had no God with an elephant trunk as elephants do not live in Russia as it is too cold in winter. It seems that Hindus adopted some Gods from a Pantheon of aboriginal Gods.. Ganesha, Dark faced Krishna – they seem to be “locals.” Though even with Ganesha there is no 100% guarantee that the original resetllers from the NORTH of Russia did not see an animal with a TRUNK… Mammoths had trunks and they looked as big elephants covered with hair. And those mammoths all died in days – all together – old and young.. It seems that there could be one catastrophe that killed the mammoths and made many people to move to a warmer climate. Probably that was a huge asteroid fall that caused the sharp decline in temperature.
But what about those who moved to India through Afghanistan ? In my view that was the most intelligent and the most militarized part of the resettles who took the main “ pujaari” along with them.
Even now the medium North European people are the best soldiers. 6000 years ago that disparity of military skills and arms was even greater. So to become a dominant tribe in a new land was not much of a problem for them. The problem was NOT TO ASSIMILATE with locals and to KEEP THE OLD FAITH intact. The first problem was being solved by introducing a CASTE System that forbade “legal” marriages of resettles with aboriginals. No doubt that 3 upper varnas – priests and scholars, military, traders were reserved for the more powerful newcomers. This social structure could be kept stable for a long time only by the old undiluted faith. And the faith was possible to keep safe from reforms only by sticking to the old religious rules and myths, first oral and later in a written form. The conservation of original tests in original language that was called VEDIC Sanskrit was possible by prohibition of any changes in the sacred language that is inevitable in ordinary day-to-day life as any language is changing a little all the time. But in 200-300 years these changes are very visible in texts and after 500 years one cannot read the old text without the help of a vocabulary book. The nation is the same, the basic language is the same but it sounds different too often to catch the meaning of the sentence. Let alone the whole text as such.
Only two ancient languages remained intact for the last 2500 years – Sanskrit in India and Latin in Western Europe. In both cases the guards of the purity of language were the same – RELIGION. Hinduism in India and Catholicism in Western Europe as Catholic priests are praying in Latin even today. The same is with Sanskrit. In Russian Orthodox Chirch language some conservation also is there but one cannot say about the purity of the original language in any way. There are several reasons for that.
1.The OLD FAITH was changed for Christianity forcibly and the modern language of Russian Orthodox Chirch is a sort of mixture of at least 3 languages, though all are “ Indo-European”. The first one is the old Russian language as a dialect of the original “ proto-language”. We may call it even “Sanskrit” but it will be correct only in part as at least 2000 years have passed from the moment the resettlement began upto the first written text of Rig-Veda and during that period of time some changes are inevitable unless the grammar rules and vocabulary are written and then prohibited from making changes in these.
- The first Christian texts for Russians were written by ethnic Greeks or Bulgarians who were educated in Byzantium ( by Greeks). So there is a lot of old Bulgarian language ( also Slavonic, close to Russian, but more distant from the “ Proto-language”
- There are words and some “ religious terms” directly “ imported” from the old Greek language.
That is why we may claim that “ ordinary” Russian language is closer to Vedic Sanskrit than the language of Russian religion as the old religious tradition was forcibly cut off but the spoken language though has changed a lot but these changes were on its own basis until 300 years ago when many Western European words were introduced into Russian language. But these did not have any effect on the GRAMMAR which is the “ spinal column” of any language.
Therefore, due to the fact that basics of Sanskrit are still taught in some educational institutions of India, I am sure that studying Russian language will be much easier for those students who know only essential basic Sanskrit. Why ? Because Russian GRAMMAR is the most difficult part in Russian language ( as it is in Sanskrit) but it has the same logic as in Sanskrit. The logic of English language is entirely different.
For example, English language has only two “ cases” – John and John’s. Other cases are indicated by preposition – “ TO John”, ABOUT John, By John….’ In Russian there are 6 cases when relations between the word are indicated by changing the end of the word. In Sanskrit there are 8 ( eight) such cases.
Like in Hindi In Russian language all nouns have “sexes”. Table ( “ Mez) is masculine but river ( nadi ) is feminine. But that is not all… In Russian we have even “ transsexuals” =) No masculine, no feminine but NEUTER. For example, window is neutr/ ( in Hindi – fem.) the sea ( neutr) but in Hindi it is masc. The sweet part of is that the “ transsexuals” have a limited number of endings making it possible to consider those nouns as NEUTER. For instance all nouns ending with letter “O” are neuter.
With “ sexes”- it is like in Hindi – some words are more likely fem. and some – masc. But one has just to remember… Some words ending with “I” are fem. in Hindi – “ nadi”, khirkhi” But “aadmi” also ends with “I” still it is and must be masculine… Aadmi kaise mahila ho sakta hai ? =)
They say that English is the most easy language to learn. I taught English and I know. Yes for an easy talk at a vegetable market it is easy to learn. But for a “ cultured speech” how many grammatical “times” one has to know ? 24 or 18 ? I even do not remember. In Russian there are only 3 times – present, past and future ! Bas ! Aur kuchh nahin =) If kisaan speaks simple English he will not need to know” Subjunctive”. But for speaking “ culturally” one has to master the Subjunctive and it is difficult to understand what form of Subjunctive is different from other forms as in Russian you add only one particle ‘ BY” and all forms are covered -=)
So there are no easy languages. All languages have to be learned and analyzed. Any Indian knows at least two languages and it makes it easier to compare and analyze and find some “inner logic”..
Besides, any Hindu knows that Sanskrit “ is the language of Gods”. So, If a Hindu learns at least the basics of the milk brother of the “ language of Gods”, the Gods will definitely appreciate this act =)
( TO BE CONTINUED )
- * * * *
- Though there are different opinions about ” where from Aryans came” http://in.rbth.com/blogs/2014/11/01/sanskrit_and_russian_ancient_kinship_39451
- I will write here what I think about it…
A map at the headline. Quite convincing. All is written here in a sober state ( unlike New Year Bhaashan=)
And the map prove it. It shows the density of males with a “Russian” haplogrup R1a1. It is a genetic marker that is transmitted only from father to sons and so on. And it does not change for many thousands of years. The scientist define the time of mutation of haplogrup R1a about 4500 years ago. Haplogrup R1a also has its origin on the Russian territory but it is more ancient and more widespread in the Europe and in India. It is absent only in Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Kerala. And Sri lanka. Yet it has some presence in Andhra… R1a1 is more young grup and it shows more clearly the center of its origin and the path of migration from the Northern Russia to the North of India. But it is more concentrated in the Northern India and does not go to the South as far as R1a. Which may prove that the migration was “ in waves” The first wave of migrating Aryans had more time and may be was less strict on the issue of the assimilation unlike the second, more late wave that was much more strict on the issue of mixing with local population and was more cast oriented. Some sources claim that in the areas of high density of R1a1 haplogrup the high castes males constitute about 42% of the bearers of this “Russian” haplogrup but among Brahmins it is more than 70 % . Like in Russia today.
Some people may wonder how Russians were able not to mix with other peoples if they did not have a barrier in a form of the cast system in India. The answer is simple and there are severl main reasons for that.
- The remaining part of the Aryans lived in a very severe climatic conditions and other people just avoided to settle in this cold territory bordering the Arctic Ocean. Nobody could live to the North of Russians and naturally there were no migrants from the North. They could come only from the South but who is his right mind will move from the warm South to the cold North ?
- There were waves of migrating militant peoples like Huns. But they moved on horses by the territory not covered by very dense forests with no roads. Such territory was between the North of Caspian Sea and the Black Sea. Russians took that territory less than 250 years ago and not 2500 years ago. Russians lived much more to the North covered ( in a way protected) by 1000 kms. of dense forests.
- When there was an invasion of Mongols in 1237-1240 they killed men and took women as slaves WITH THEM SO THERE IS NO Mongol markers in Russia at all.
- Orthodox Church forbade marriages of Russians with people of other religion. But people of other religions were practically non existent in Russia except some visiting merchants.
- In short the remaining part of Aryans stayed on its own territory with no other peoples to mix with. Therefore Russians could keep its original identity and its language without other big peoples competing Russians. The wars for Independence of Russia started only in 1237 ( and it was lost by separate Russian Princely States) and these wars lasted with short intervals for about 800 years more. Since 1480 Russia has been independent. The invaders since 1382 to 1480 did not occupy the country but took payments from the Russian” maharajas”. After 1480 that was over and the longest occupation of the part of Russia was under Hitler from June 1941 to August 1943 for which Russia took Berlin in 1945 and Hitler had to commit suicide.
- Judging by the patriotic wave in India in 2016 I think that India will never be dependant again on any country. I think that the natural feeling to be independent is common for Russians and Indians at a genetical level. Anyway we are of the same blood.. And when the last year one of my Indian friends wrote to me that his parents would be against my visiting his house as they are Brahmins and I am a foreigner. that made me only smile and think –“ Let his father say this to an African negro… Because if we take a genetical test may be I am more “ Brahmin” than his father … not by religion but by the blood, by relation to the original great ONE PEOPLE with ONE language. And I still live at the original territory of that Aryan people and not in Tamilnadu where Brahmins haplogrup R1a1 is practically non existent =) Funny things do happen sometimes.
- As to independence… some people and small nations just do not need it. But it is not about us. Though Angrezi deceived both of us – Indians 250 years ago and Russians 25 years ago. Magar is jeevan me sab kuchh hota hai aur baad me guzar jaata hai… India has passed this period of dependence caused by the treachery of the elites and for us that period is almost over….
- Jai Hind ! Jai Rus !