letters-f

           Two more lessons and the study of 24 letters Russian Alphabet will be over =)

LetterФ“, as many linguists think ( though many object to it) is a rather rare letter in Russian words and all of them are of foreign origin. There are not so many of them…

М- ФЛОТ – ( flot ) – Navy ( see lesson 2 )

М- ФОНТАН – fontan –  fountain ….        ФОНТАНЫ –  pl.

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М- ФОНАРЬ – fohar- street night  light….   ФОНАРИ –     pl.

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М- ФОНАРИК -fonarik – flashligt  ….   ФОНАРИКИ –    pl.

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F-ФАРА – fara ( usually  a car headlight, therefore it is used often in plural – ФАРЫ

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N – ФОТО -foto – photo – always singul, often used for “photo picture”

M- ФОТОГРАФ – fotograf – photo cameraman     pl.

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F-ФОТОГРАФИЯ- fotografiya – a little ” outfashioned word for Photo picture

plural – ФОТОГРАФИИ, in youth slang  ФОТКА sing. ФОТКИ  pl. fem.

M-ФЕВРАЛЬ- fevral-    February

M- ФИЛЬМ – film – a film, movie

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LETTERХ

М- ХЛЕБ – khleb – bread. Usually in singular. Russians eat  ХЛЕБ every day.

( I remind you that in “KH” – K is not prononsed it just indicates that “Х” is more hard ( “sakht”) than in Hindi or in English as in a words -” hat”, ” haathi” ) But it is not so hard as in words of Arabic origin in Hindustani as “khatam”.

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М – ХарАктер   – kharAkter – character

Плохой характер  -plokhoi kharakter – bad caracter

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Хороший характер – khoroshiy kharakter – ( good character )

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M – ХВОСТ  – khvost –  tail ” peuchh” ХВОСТЫ – khvosty – pl.

ЛИСА ИМЕЕТ      КРАСИВЫЙ ХВОСТ

Lisa    imeet          krasivyi     khvost

Fox      has  (a )      beautiful      tail

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ХОРОШО !  ( khorosho ! ) Good !  “Thik hai”,”  Achha !”

ХОРОШИЙ   ( koroshyi – for masc ) ХОРОШИЙ ДРУГ (drug) – achha dost

ХОРОШАЯ   ( khoroshaya for fem ) ХОРОШАЯ ЖЕНА ( zhena) – achhi patni

LETTERЦ

M- ЦИРК – tsirk – CIRCUS

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м – ЦИПЛЁНОК- tsiplyenok – CHICK …  ЦИПЛЯТА ( plural) – chickens

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M- ЦАРЬ   – tsar-  ( Zar )    ЦАРИ  ( tsari ) – plural

ПОСЛЕДНИЙ    РУССКИЙ    ЦАРЬ    НИКОЛАЙ    ВТОРОЙ

Poslyedniy          Russkiy       Tsar-     Nikolay             Vtoroy

( the) Last          Russian        ZAR      Nicholas  ( the)  Second.

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LETTERЧ

М-ЧАЙ ( chai ) – tea.  Not countable

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ИНДИЙСКИЙ ЧАЙ ( indiiskiy chai ) – Indian tea

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РУССКИЙ ЧАЙ ( much less strong. often with lemon) “Russian” tea

ЧАСЫ ( chasy ) – always plural – wristwatch, tablewatch , etc

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M- ЧАС ) chas ) – one hour

Adj. ЧАСТНЫЙ (chastnyi- masc)     ЧАСТНАЯ (fem )   ЧАСТНОЕ ( neut.) -“PRIVATE”

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F-ЧАЛМА  (chalma) – a headwear in some Asian and Middle east coutries

ЧЕЛОВЕК  (chelovek) usually as a MAN in general – the first man in Space irrespectove of sex/ But more often as a male human being

But in plural in general only  ЛЮДИ  ( lyudi) -people

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M-ПЕРВОБЫТНЫЙ ЧЕЛОВЕК (pervobytnyi chrlovel ) – in general ( Ancient man )

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M- ЧЕМОДАН   ( chemodAn)   ЧЕМОДАНЫ – pl.

Luggage consisting of large suitcases rucksack and travel bag

ЧЁРНЫЙ ( chyornyi ) – black colour

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АФРИКАНСКИЕ НЕГРЫ ОБЫЧНО ИМЕЮТ ЧЁРНЫЙ ЦВЕТ  КОЖИ

Afrikanskiye    negry   obychno      imeyut     chyornui     tsvet      kozhi

African         Negros    usually         have          black         colour ( of ) skin

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M-ЧЕСНОК ( chesnok ) – garlick

ЧАСТО – ( chasto) – often

ЧЕСТНЫЙ (chestnyi ) – honest

ЧЕТЫРЕ ( chetyre) – 4 – four, ” chaar”

ЧИСТЫЙ ( chistyi  – masc)   ЧИСТАЯ -fem.   ЧИСТОЕ -neut – ” CLEAN”

M -ЧЛЕН – ( chlen ) – a part , a member of something.  But….

МУЖСКОЙ ЧЛЕН ( muzhskoi  chlen) – a penis

M -ЧЛЕН ПАРТИИ ( chlen partii ) – a Party member even if a female =)

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ЧЕМПИОН ( chempion ) – a champion

LetterФ” belongs to ” hissing” letters and sounds. It is present in English and in Hindi as in ” shop”, shoose”, Shaam ko”, Shri ”

M- ШАКАЛ  – shakal – jackal …  ШАКАЛЫ ) pl)

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М- ШАГ – shag – (the first. one ) step.    ШАГИ ( many) steps

ШАМПУНЬ -not countable – shampun-    Shampoo

ШАР –  sing. ШАРЫ pl.  – sar-shary/  a ball, balls. Yas many senses depending on the adjective   For example – The air baloon but in Russian it is ВОЗДУШНЫЙ ШАР – an air ball..

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ШАХМАТЫ -shahmaty – CHESS

N- ШАРИАТ – Sharia

M-ШЕЙХ  sheikh    ШЕЙХИ-pl.

M- ШПИОН shpion – a spy   ШПИОНЫ -spies

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ШЁЛК- uncoutable – sholk -“silk”

ШЕСТЬ – 6 – six – ( shash in Sanskrit )

ШУТКА ( shutka) – joke.  ШУТКИ – pl.

ШТАБ – shtab -( usually  MILITARY headquarters. beginning from a battalion level and higher. The highest id the GENERAL Staff) .  ШТАБЫ-pl

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Генералы Генерального Штаба за картой

Generals of the General Staff at the war map

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ШКОЛА – shkola – school . ШКОЛЫ – pl.

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LetterЩ” we may find very rarely at the beginning of a Russian word. It is prononced more like the first sound in American word ” shit” which sounds, in my view, a little more ” narrow” and a little more ” hissing” in comparison with the word “she”.  In Russian the difference is more but not a pricipal one. Non ethnic Russians often replace these sounds with each other and Russians understand them though it sounds a little funny =)

F- ЩУКА – ( no Latin letters to imitate it ) – a pike – ” hisaak machhli”

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M- ЩЕНОК – ” kutti ka bachha”

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ЩИ – always in plural – Russian traditional cabbage soup with meat

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( To be continued and concluded with the Alphabet )

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